The bullion ended lower but remained around its over six-year peak of $1,554.56 hit on Monday
Gold prices eked out gains on Thursday against the backdrop of recession fears, with traders tracking signs of progress on the US-China trade talks and global central banks for direction on interest rates.
Spot gold rose 0.2% to $1,542.06 per ounce, as of 0331 GMT.
On Wednesday, the bullion ended lower but remained around its over six-year peak of $1,554.56 hit on Monday.
US gold futures were up 0.1% at $1,550.80 an ounce.
Bull markets (for gold) are on hold as we wait for further news on the trade dispute, which seems to be the major driver, said Michael McCarthy, chief market strategist at CMC Markets.
"Global growth in the balance here and a resolution (in the trade conflict) would be good for growth and bad for gold," McCarthy added.
On the trade front, the Trump administration on Wednesday made official its extra 5% tariff on $300 billion in Chinese imports, and set collection dates of Sept. 1 and Dec. 15.
While Trump in recent days has toned down his aggressive China trade rhetoric, it has not translated to a retreat from the planned tariff hikes. It remains unclear whether US and Chinese negotiators will resume in-person talks in September as previously suggested by US officials.
Adding to the uncertainty was British Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend parliament for more than a month before Brexit.
Underscoring the gloomy global sentiment, yields on 30-year US Treasuries and 10-year German bunds hit record lows on Wednesday.
The US Treasury yield curve remains inverted, which is commonly considered a sign of an impending recession.
The US Federal Reserve and the European Central bank are expected to cut rates next month, while many investors believe the Bank of Japan could also join the fray if market sentiment weakens further.
Gold tends to appreciate on expectations of lower interest rates, which reduce the opportunity cost of holding non-yielding bullion.
Markets are fully priced in for a quarter-point cut in interest rates by the US Fed next month, and over 100 basis points of easing by the end of next year.
Indicative of market sentiment, holdings of the SPDR Gold Trust, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, have increased by 6.6% this month.
The dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of six major currencies, was little changed after rising 0.2% in the previous session.
Elsewhere, spot silver rose 0.3% to $18.38 per ounce, while platinum inched up 0.1% to $900.66.
Palladium was up 0.3% to $1,473.56 per ounce.