Iran, which denies the Boeing 737-800 was downed by a missile, said it could take one or two months to extract information from the voice and flight data recorders
Tehran said on Friday it wanted to download black box recordings itself from a Ukrainian airliner crash that killed all 176 people aboard, after Canada and others said the plane was brought down by an Iranian missile, probably by mistake.
Iran, which denies the Boeing 737-800 was downed by a missile, said it could take one or two months to extract information from the voice and flight data recorders.
It said it may ask Russia, Canada, France or Ukraine for help in a probe that could take one or two years to complete.
The Ukraine International Airlines flight to Kiev from Tehran crashed on Wednesday, when Iran was on alert for a US military response hours after firing missiles at US targets in Iraq. https://tmsnrt.rs/39MLwwx
Most of the victims were Iranian or Iranian-Canadian.
The crash has heightened international pressure on Iran after months of friction with the United States and tit-for-tat military strikes. Washington killed an Iranian general last week in a drone attack in Iraq, prompting Tehran's missile launches.
"We do believe that it's likely that that plane was shut down by an Iranian missile," US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said of the Ukrainian jet crash at a briefing on additional US sanctions against Iran.
"We're going to let the investigation play out before we make a final determination," he added as Washington also announced sanction waivers for crash investigators.
In an outpouring of grief, Iranians and others shared images from the crash site on social media.
One showed a single child's red shoe in the dirt.
Another on Twitter showed a selfie of a mother and daughter in their seats, sent to a loved one before takeoff.
"Why were any civilian airlines flying out of Tehran airport in those conditions," a user named Shiva Balaghi tweeted.
Ukraine is looking at various possible causes of the crash, including a possible attack by a Russian-made missile, a collision, an engine explosion or terrorism.
On social media, many Iranians expressed anger that the plane was allowed to take off and voiced worries as images, which could not be independently verified, circulated on Twitter suggesting the crash site had been cleared by bulldozers.
Iran's ambassador to Britain denied that.
"We prefer to download the black boxes in Iran. But if we see that we can't do that because the boxes are damaged, then we will seek help," Ali Abedzadeh, head of Iran's Civil Aviation Organisation, told a news conference in Tehran.
State television earlier showed the battered black boxes, saying their information could be downloaded and analysed.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, citing intelligence from Canada and other sources, blamed an Iranian surface-to-air missile for bringing down the plane that had 63 Canadians on board, although he said it "may well have been unintentional".
Ukraine's general prosecutor has asked Canada to provide any information that may facilitate a criminal investigation.
Russia's deputy foreign minister said Moscow saw no grounds to blame Iran for the crash, TASS news agency reported.
France's BEA air accident agency said it would be involved in the investigation. BEA helped analyse data from the flight recorder of a Boeing that crashed in Ethiopia last year.
A US official, citing satellite data, said Washington had concluded with a high degree of certainty that anti-aircraft missiles brought down the plane in error.
The official said the data showed the plane airborne for two minutes after departing Tehran when heat signatures of two missiles were detected. There was an explosion in the vicinity and heat data showed the plane on fire as it fell.
US President Donald Trump said he believed "somebody could have made a mistake".
But Iran denounced "psychological warfare" against it.
"All those countries whose citizens were aboard the plane can send representatives and we urge Boeing to send its representative to join the process of investigating the black box," government spokesman Ali Rabiei said.
US, Canadian and French representatives were to travel to Tehran to attend meetings for the investigation, Iranian state media reported. Washington and Ottawa do not have diplomatic relations with Tehran.
Iran's civil aviation organisation said in an initial report less than 24 hours after the incident that the three-year-old airliner, which had its last scheduled maintenance on Monday, encountered a technical problem after takeoff and was heading to a nearby airport before it crashed.
The Transportation Safety Board of Canada said it was making arrangements to tour the site after an Iranian invitation.
The US National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) said it had designated a representative to join the probe.
Boeing said it would support the NTSB. The company is reeling from two deadly crashes of 737 MAX planes, including the one in Ethiopia, that led to the model's grounding last year.
The crash plane was built in 2016 and is the prior 737 generation before the MAX.