The United Nations says at least 1 million ethnic Uighurs and other Muslims have been detained in remote Xinjiang
US President Donald Trump called for an end to religious persecution on Monday at a US event on the sidelines of the annual gathering of world leaders at the United Nations featuring a woman whose Uighur father has been imprisoned in China.
China has been widely condemned for setting up complexes in remote Xinjiang that it describes as "vocational training centres" to stamp out extremism and give people new skills. The United Nations says at least 1 million ethnic Uighurs and other Muslims have been detained.
The US event at the United Nations sparked a sharp rebuke from China. A spokesperson for the Chinese delegation to the high-level meeting of the UN General Assembly accused Washington of violating the UN Charter.
"Unfortunately, we regret to see the US using religious freedom as a cover to wantonly criticise other sovereign countries by disrespecting and distorting facts," the spokesperson said in a statement.
Trump did not specifically mention Xinjiang and he left the meeting before the woman, Jewher Ilham, spoke, but Vice President Mike Pence and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo listened as she slammed the Chinese government. Pompeo said her father - a Uighur scholar - is serving a life sentence as a prisoner of conscience.
"Every day millions of Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in China are being abused, drugged and indoctrinated in the government's concentration camps," Ilham told the religious freedom event. "Beijing believes Islam is a sickness to be treated with an iron fist."
In his remarks, Pence briefly criticised China.
"The Communist Party in China has arrested Christian pastors, banned the sale of Bible, demolished churches and imprisoned more than a million Uighurs in the Muslim population," he said.
US Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan will host a separate event on Tuesday on the "human rights crisis in Xinjiang" in China. The State Department said Sullivan "welcomes global partners in joining the call for China to end the cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment of the people of Xinjiang."
A State Department official said at least 31 countries were expected to attend. The event will be co-hosted by the Netherlands, Germany, Canada and Britain, diplomats said.
"They will produce no effect whatsoever. Nor will they get support from the majority of countries," the Chinese delegation spokesperson said.
US Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom Sam Brownback signalled the United States, which is already in a trade war with China, could take action.
"We don't preview sanctions or other actions that would take place, but if China continues to conduct this very war on faith, this will be something that will continue to attract a great deal of interest for the United States' concern and action," he said.
Trump announced at the event on Monday a US pledge of $25 million (£20.1 million) to protect religious freedom sites and relics globally and the formation of a coalition of U.S. businesses for the protection of religious freedom.
"As president, protecting religious freedom is one of my highest priorities and always has been," Trump said. "The United States of America calls upon the nations of the world to end religious persecution."